A redox-sensitive cysteine residue regulates the kinase activities of OsMPK3 and OsMPK6 in vitro.

Xie, G; Sasaki, K; Imai, R; Xie, D

Plant science : an international journal of experimental plant biology 2014

PMID: 25219308

A redox-sensitive cysteine residue regulates the kinase activities of erm' data-tid='4581' href='#term-4581'>OsMPK3 and OsMPK6 in vitro.

Two subgroup A rice mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), erm' data-tid='4583' href='#term-4583'>OsMPK3 and OsMPK6, have been implicated in multiple stress responses. Hoerm' data-tid='4585' href='#term-4585'>wever, the redox-control of the kinase activity of these proteins remains unknown. Here, immunoprecipitated OsMPK3 and OsMPK6 were initially activated in 15min, and this activation transiently increasederm' data-tid='4587' href='#term-4587'> in rice seedlings under H2O2 stress. Among the six conserved cysteine residues, only the fourth cysteine residues in the kinase domain VII, Cys(179) and Cys(210), were required for the in vitro kinase activities of OsMPK3 and OsMPK6, respectively. Moreover, the substitution of these specific cysteine residues with serine abrogated in vitro kinase responses to redox conditions. These results suggest a novel redox-control mechanism for the kinase activities of these MAPKs in vivo.