Rice shaker potassium channel OsKAT1 confers tolerance to salinity stress on yeast and rice cells.

Obata, T; Kitamoto, HK; Nakamura, A; Fukuda, A; Tanaka, Y

Plant physiology 2007 4

PMID: 17586689

Rice '18268' href='#term-18268'>shaker potassium channel OsKAT1 confers tolerance to salinity stress on yeast and rice cells.

We screened a rice (Oryza sativa L. 'Nipponbare') full-length cDNA expression library through functional complementation in yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) to find novel cation transporters involved in salt tolerance. We found that expression of a cDNA clone, encoding the rice homolog of Shaker family K(+) channel KAT1 (OsKAT1), suppressed the salt-sensitive phenotype of yeast strain G19 (Deltaena1-4), which lacks a major component of Na(+) efflux. It also suppressed a K(+)-transpo72' href='#term-18272'>rt-defective phenotype of yeast strain CY162 (Deltatrk1Deltatrk2), suggesting the enhancement of K(+) uptake by OsKAT1. By the expression of OsKAT1, the K(+) contents of salt-stressed G19 cells276' href='#term-18276'> incre</a>ased during the exponential growth phase. At the linear p18280' href='#term-18280'>hase, however, OsKAT1-expressing G19 cells accumulated less Na(+) than nonexpid='18282' href='#term-18282'>ressing cells, but almost the same K(+). The cellular Na(+) to K(+) ratio of OsKAT1-expressing G19 cells remained lower than nonexpressing cells under saline conditions. Rice cells overexpressing OsKAT1 also showed enhanced salt tolerance and increased cellular K(+) content. These functions of OsKAT1 are likely to be common among Shaker K(+) channels because OsAKT1 and Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) KAT1 were able to complement the salt-sensitive phenotype of G19 as well as OsKAT1. The expression of OsKAT1 was restricted to internodes and rachides of wild-type rice, whereas other Shaker family genes were expressed in various organs. These results suggest that OsKAT1 is involved in salt tolerance of rice in cooperation with other K(+) channels by participating in maintenance of cytosolic cation homeostasis during salt stress and thus protects cells from Na(+).