Article

Ethylene-dependent aerenchyma formation in adventitious roots is regulated differently in rice and maize.

Yamauchi, T; Tanaka, A; Mori, H; Takamure, I; Kato, K; Nakazono, M

Plant, cell & environment 2016 10

PMID: 27169562

Ethylene-dependent aerenchyma formation in adventitious roots is regulated differently in rice and maize.

In roots of gramineous plants, lysigenous aerenchyma is created by the death and lysis of cortical cells. Rice (Oryza sativa) constitutively forms aerenchyma under aerobic conditions, and its formation is further induced under oxygen-deficient conditions. However, maize (Zea mays) develops aerenchyma only under oxygen-deficient conditions. Ethylene is involved in lysigenous aerenchyma formation. Here, we investigated how ethylene-dependent aerenchyma formation is differently regulated between rice and maize. For this purpose, in rice, we used the reduced culm number1 (rcn1) mutant, in which ethylene biosynthesis is suppressed. Ethylene is converted from 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) by the action of ACC oxidase (ACO). We found that OsACO5 was highly expressed in the wild type, but not in rcn1, under aerobic conditions, suggesting that OsACO5 contributes to aerenchyma formation in aerated rice roots. By contrast, the ACO genes in maize roots were weakly expressed under aerobic conditions, and thus ACC treatment did not effectively induce ethylene production or aerenchyma formation, unlike in rice. Aerenchyma formation in rice roots after the initiation of oxygen-deficient conditions was faster and greater than that in maize. These results suggest that the difference in aerenchyma formation in rice and maize is due to their different mechanisms for regulating ethylene biosynthesis.

Keyword Gene Uniprot Accession
OsACO5 Os05g0149400 Q65XE5
in rc Os05g0149400 Q65XE5